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sdl-video.cpp

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/* FCE Ultra - NES/Famicom Emulator
 *
 * Copyright notice for this file:
 *  Copyright (C) 2002 Xodnizel
 *
 * This program is free software; you can redistribute it and/or modify
 * it under the terms of the GNU General Public License as published by
 * the Free Software Foundation; either version 2 of the License, or
 * (at your option) any later version.
 *
 * This program is distributed in the hope that it will be useful,
 * but WITHOUT ANY WARRANTY; without even the implied warranty of
 * MERCHANTABILITY or FITNESS FOR A PARTICULAR PURPOSE.  See the
 * GNU General Public License for more details.
 *
 * You should have received a copy of the GNU General Public License
 * along with this program; if not, write to the Free Software
 * Foundation, Inc., 59 Temple Place, Suite 330, Boston, MA  02111-1307  USA
 */

/// \file
/// \brief Handles the graphical game display for the SDL implementation.

#include <stdio.h>
#include <string.h>
#include <stdlib.h>

#include "sdl.h"
#include "sdl-opengl.h"
#include "../common/vidblit.h"
#include "../../fceu.h"
#include "../../version.h"

#include "sdl-icon.h"
#include "dface.h"

#include "../common/configSys.h"
#include "sdl-video.h"

#ifdef CREATE_AVI
#include "../videolog/nesvideos-piece.h"
#endif

// GLOBALS
extern Config *g_config;

// STATIC GLOBALS
static SDL_Surface *s_screen;

static SDL_Surface *s_BlitBuf; // Buffer when using hardware-accelerated blits.
static SDL_Surface *s_IconSurface = NULL;

static int s_curbpp;
static int s_srendline, s_erendline;
static int s_tlines;
static int s_inited;

#ifdef OPENGL
static int s_useOpenGL;
#endif
static double s_exs, s_eys;
static int s_eefx;
static int s_clipSides;
static int s_fullscreen;
static int noframe;

#define NWIDTH    (256 - (s_clipSides ? 16 : 0))
#define NOFFSET   (s_clipSides ? 8 : 0)

static int s_paletterefresh;

extern bool MaxSpeed;

/**
 * Attempts to destroy the graphical video display.  Returns 0 on
 * success, -1 on failure.
 */

//draw input aids if we are fullscreen
00080 bool FCEUD_ShouldDrawInputAids()
{
      return s_fullscreen!=0;
}
 
int
KillVideo()
{
    // if the IconSurface has been initialized, destroy it
    if(s_IconSurface) {
        SDL_FreeSurface(s_IconSurface);
        s_IconSurface=0;
    }


    // return failure if the video system was not initialized
    if(s_inited == 0)
        return -1;
    
    // if the rest of the system has been initialized, shut it down
#ifdef OPENGL
    // check for OpenGL and shut it down
    if(s_useOpenGL)
        KillOpenGL();
    else
#endif
        // shut down the system that converts from 8 to 16/32 bpp
        if(s_curbpp > 8)
            KillBlitToHigh();

    // shut down the SDL video sub-system
    SDL_QuitSubSystem(SDL_INIT_VIDEO);

    s_inited = 0;
    return 0;
}


// this variable contains information about the special scaling filters
static int s_sponge;

/**
 * These functions determine an appropriate scale factor for fullscreen/
 */
00124 inline double GetXScale(int xres)
{
    return ((double)xres) / NWIDTH;
}
inline double GetYScale(int yres)
{
    return ((double)yres) / s_tlines;
}
    
/**
 * Attempts to initialize the graphical video display.  Returns 0 on
 * success, -1 on failure.
 */
int
00138 InitVideo(FCEUGI *gi)
{
    // XXX soules - const?  is this necessary?
    const SDL_VideoInfo *vinf;
    int error, flags = 0;
    int doublebuf, xstretch, ystretch, xres, yres;
    

    FCEUI_printf("Initializing video...");

    // load the relevant configuration variables
    g_config->getOption("SDL.Fullscreen", &s_fullscreen);
    g_config->getOption("SDL.DoubleBuffering", &doublebuf);
#ifdef OPENGL
    g_config->getOption("SDL.OpenGL", &s_useOpenGL);
#endif
    g_config->getOption("SDL.SpecialFilter", &s_sponge);
    g_config->getOption("SDL.XStretch", &xstretch);
    g_config->getOption("SDL.YStretch", &ystretch);
    g_config->getOption("SDL.XResolution", &xres);
    g_config->getOption("SDL.YResolution", &yres);
    g_config->getOption("SDL.ClipSides", &s_clipSides);
    g_config->getOption("SDL.NoFrame", &noframe);

    // check the starting, ending, and total scan lines
    FCEUI_GetCurrentVidSystem(&s_srendline, &s_erendline);
    s_tlines = s_erendline - s_srendline + 1;
    


    // check for OpenGL and set the global flags
#if OPENGL
    if(s_useOpenGL && !s_sponge) {
        flags = SDL_OPENGL;
    }
#endif

    // initialize the SDL video subsystem if it is not already active
    if(!SDL_WasInit(SDL_INIT_VIDEO)) {
        error = SDL_InitSubSystem(SDL_INIT_VIDEO);
        if(error) {
            FCEUD_PrintError(SDL_GetError());
            return -1;
        }
    }
    s_inited = 1;

    // shows the cursor within the display window
    SDL_ShowCursor(1);

    // determine if we can allocate the display on the video card
    vinf = SDL_GetVideoInfo();
    if(vinf->hw_available) {
        flags |= SDL_HWSURFACE;
    }
    
    // check if we are rendering fullscreen
    if(s_fullscreen) {
        flags |= SDL_FULLSCREEN;
    }
    
    if(noframe) {
        flags |= SDL_NOFRAME;
    }

    // gives the SDL exclusive palette control... ensures the requested colors
    flags |= SDL_HWPALETTE;


    // enable double buffering if requested and we have hardware support
#ifdef OPENGL
    if(s_useOpenGL) {
        FCEU_printf("Initializing with OpenGL (Disable with '-opengl 0').\n");
        if(doublebuf) {
            SDL_GL_SetAttribute(SDL_GL_DOUBLEBUFFER, 1);
        }
    } else
#endif
        if(doublebuf && (flags & SDL_HWSURFACE)) {
            flags |= SDL_DOUBLEBUF;
        }

    if(s_fullscreen) {
        int desbpp, autoscale;
        g_config->getOption("SDL.BitsPerPixel", &desbpp);
        g_config->getOption("SDL.AutoScale", &autoscale);
        if (autoscale)
        {
            double auto_xscale = GetXScale(xres);
            double auto_yscale = GetYScale(yres);
            double native_ratio = ((double)NWIDTH) / s_tlines;
            double screen_ratio = ((double)xres) / yres;
            int keep_ratio;
            
            g_config->getOption("SDL.KeepRatio", &keep_ratio);
            
            // Try to choose resolution
            if (screen_ratio < native_ratio)
            {
                // The screen is narrower than the original. Maximizing width will not clip
                auto_xscale = auto_yscale = GetXScale(xres);
                if (keep_ratio) 
                    auto_yscale = GetYScale(yres);
            }
            else
            {
                auto_yscale = auto_xscale = GetYScale(yres);
                if (keep_ratio) 
                    auto_xscale = GetXScale(xres);
            }
            s_exs = auto_xscale;
            s_eys = auto_yscale;
        }
        else
        {
            g_config->getOption("SDL.XScale", &s_exs);
            g_config->getOption("SDL.YScale", &s_eys);
        }
        
        g_config->getOption("SDL.SpecialFX", &s_eefx);

#ifdef OPENGL
        if(!s_useOpenGL) {
            s_exs = (int)s_exs;
            s_eys = (int)s_eys;
        } else {
            desbpp = 0;
        }

        if(s_sponge) {
            if(s_sponge == 3 || s_sponge == 4) {
                s_exs = s_eys = 3;
            } else {
                s_exs = s_eys = 2;
            }
            s_eefx = 0;
            if(s_sponge == 1 || s_sponge == 3) {
                desbpp = 32;
            }
        }

        if((s_useOpenGL && !xstretch) || !s_useOpenGL)
#endif
            if(xres < (NWIDTH * s_exs) || s_exs <= 0.01) {
                FCEUD_PrintError("xscale out of bounds.");
                KillVideo();
                return -1;
            }

#ifdef OPENGL
        if((s_useOpenGL && !ystretch) || !s_useOpenGL)
#endif
            if(yres < s_tlines * s_eys || s_eys <= 0.01) {
                FCEUD_PrintError("yscale out of bounds.");
                KillVideo();
                return -1;
            }


        s_screen = SDL_SetVideoMode(xres, yres, desbpp, flags);
        if(!s_screen) {
            FCEUD_PrintError(SDL_GetError());
            return -1;
        }
    } else {
        int desbpp;
        g_config->getOption("SDL.BitsPerPixel", &desbpp);

        g_config->getOption("SDL.XScale", &s_exs);
        g_config->getOption("SDL.YScale", &s_eys);
        g_config->getOption("SDL.SpecialFX", &s_eefx);

        if(s_sponge) {
            if(s_sponge >= 3) {
                s_exs = s_eys = 3;
            } else {
                s_exs = s_eys = 2;
            }
            s_eefx = 0;
        }

#ifdef OPENGL
        if(!s_useOpenGL) {
            s_exs = (int)s_exs;
            s_eys = (int)s_eys;
        }
        if(s_exs <= 0.01) {
            FCEUD_PrintError("xscale out of bounds.");
            KillVideo();
            return -1;
        }
        if(s_eys <= 0.01) {
            FCEUD_PrintError("yscale out of bounds.");
            KillVideo();
            return -1;
        }
#endif
        
        s_screen = SDL_SetVideoMode((int)(NWIDTH * s_exs),
                                  (int)(s_tlines * s_eys),
                                  desbpp, flags);
        if(!s_screen) {
            FCEUD_PrintError(SDL_GetError());
            return -1;
        }
    }
    s_curbpp = s_screen->format->BitsPerPixel;
    if(!s_screen) {
        FCEUD_PrintError(SDL_GetError());
        KillVideo();
        return -1;
    }

#if 0
    // XXX soules - this would be creating a surface on the video
    //              card, but was commented out for some reason...
    s_BlitBuf = SDL_CreateRGBSurface(SDL_HWSURFACE, 256, 240,
                                     s_screen->format->BitsPerPixel,
                                     s_screen->format->Rmask,
                                     s_screen->format->Gmask,
                                     s_screen->format->Bmask, 0);
#endif

    FCEU_printf(" Video Mode: %d x %d x %d bpp %s\n",
                s_screen->w, s_screen->h, s_screen->format->BitsPerPixel,
                s_fullscreen ? "full screen" : "");

    if(s_curbpp != 8 && s_curbpp != 16 && s_curbpp != 24 && s_curbpp != 32) {
        FCEU_printf("  Sorry, %dbpp modes are not supported by FCE Ultra.  Supported bit depths are 8bpp, 16bpp, and 32bpp.\n", s_curbpp);
        KillVideo();
        return -1;
    }

    // if the game being run has a name, set it as the window name
    if(gi->name) {
        SDL_WM_SetCaption((const char *)gi->name, (const char *)gi->name);
    } else {
        SDL_WM_SetCaption(FCEU_NAME_AND_VERSION,"FCE Ultra");
    }

    // create the surface for displaying graphical messages
#ifdef LSB_FIRST
    s_IconSurface = SDL_CreateRGBSurfaceFrom((void *)fceu_playicon.pixel_data,
                                             32, 32, 24, 32 * 3,
                                             0xFF, 0xFF00, 0xFF0000, 0x00);
#else
    s_IconSurface = SDL_CreateRGBSurfaceFrom((void *)fceu_playicon.pixel_data,
                                             32, 32, 24, 32 * 3,
                                             0xFF0000, 0xFF00, 0xFF, 0x00);
#endif
    SDL_WM_SetIcon(s_IconSurface,0);
    s_paletterefresh = 1;

    // XXX soules - can't SDL do this for us?
    // if using more than 8bpp, initialize the conversion routines
    if(s_curbpp > 8) {
        InitBlitToHigh(s_curbpp >> 3,
                           s_screen->format->Rmask,
                           s_screen->format->Gmask,
                           s_screen->format->Bmask,
                           s_eefx, s_sponge);
#ifdef OPENGL
        if(s_useOpenGL) 
        {
            int openGLip;
            g_config->getOption("SDL.OpenGLip", &openGLip);

            if(!InitOpenGL(NOFFSET, 256 - (s_clipSides ? 8 : 0),
                           s_srendline, s_erendline + 1,
                        s_exs, s_eys, s_eefx,
                        openGLip, xstretch, ystretch, s_screen)) 
            {
                FCEUD_PrintError("Error initializing OpenGL.");
                KillVideo();
                return -1;
            }
        }
#endif
    }
    return 0;
}

/**
 * Toggles the full-screen display.
 */
void
00424 ToggleFS()
{
    int error, fullscreen = s_fullscreen;

    // shut down the current video system
    KillVideo();

    // flip the fullscreen flag
    g_config->setOption("SDL.Fullscreen", !fullscreen);

    // try to initialize the video
    error = InitVideo(GameInfo);
    if(error) {
        // if we fail, just continue with what worked before
        g_config->setOption("SDL.Fullscreen", fullscreen);
        InitVideo(GameInfo);
    }
}

static SDL_Color s_psdl[256];

/**
 * Sets the color for a particular index in the palette.
 */
void
00449 FCEUD_SetPalette(uint8 index,
                 uint8 r,
                 uint8 g,
                 uint8 b)
{
    s_psdl[index].r = r;
    s_psdl[index].g = g;
    s_psdl[index].b = b;

    s_paletterefresh = 1;
}

/**
 * Gets the color for a particular index in the palette.
 */
void
00465 FCEUD_GetPalette(uint8 index,
                 uint8 *r,
                 uint8 *g,
                 uint8 *b)
{
    *r = s_psdl[index].r;
    *g = s_psdl[index].g;
    *b = s_psdl[index].b;
}

/** 
 * Pushes the palette structure into the underlying video subsystem.
 */
static void
00479 RedoPalette()
{
#ifdef OPENGL
    if(s_useOpenGL)
        SetOpenGLPalette((uint8*)s_psdl);
    else
#endif
        {
            if(s_curbpp > 8) {
                SetPaletteBlitToHigh((uint8*)s_psdl);
            } else {
                SDL_SetPalette(s_screen, SDL_PHYSPAL, s_psdl, 0, 256);
            }
        }
}

// XXX soules - console lock/unlock unimplemented?

///Currently unimplemented.
00498 void LockConsole(){}

///Currently unimplemented.
00501 void UnlockConsole(){}

/**
 * Pushes the given buffer of bits to the screen.
 */
void
00507 BlitScreen(uint8 *XBuf)
{
    SDL_Surface *TmpScreen;
    uint8 *dest;
    int xo = 0, yo = 0;

    if(!s_screen) {
        return;
    }

    // refresh the palette if required
    if(s_paletterefresh) {
        RedoPalette();
        s_paletterefresh = 0;
    }

#ifdef OPENGL
    // OpenGL is handled separately
    if(s_useOpenGL) {
        BlitOpenGL(XBuf);
        return;
    }
#endif

    // XXX soules - not entirely sure why this is being done yet
    XBuf += s_srendline * 256;

    if(s_BlitBuf) {
        TmpScreen = s_BlitBuf;
    } else {
        TmpScreen = s_screen;
    }

    // lock the display, if necessary
    if(SDL_MUSTLOCK(TmpScreen)) {
        if(SDL_LockSurface(TmpScreen) < 0) {
            return;
        }
    }

    dest = (uint8*)TmpScreen->pixels;

    if(s_fullscreen) {
        xo = (int)(((TmpScreen->w - NWIDTH * s_exs)) / 2);
        dest += xo * (s_curbpp >> 3);
        if(TmpScreen->h > (s_tlines * s_eys)) {
            yo = (int)((TmpScreen->h - s_tlines * s_eys) / 2);
            dest += yo * TmpScreen->pitch;
        }
    }

    // XXX soules - again, I'm surprised SDL can't handle this
    // perform the blit, converting bpp if necessary
    if(s_curbpp > 8) {
        if(s_BlitBuf) {
            Blit8ToHigh(XBuf + NOFFSET, dest, NWIDTH, s_tlines,
                        TmpScreen->pitch, 1, 1);
        } else {
            Blit8ToHigh(XBuf + NOFFSET, dest, NWIDTH, s_tlines,
                        TmpScreen->pitch, (int)s_exs, (int)s_eys);
        }
    } else {
        if(s_BlitBuf) {
            Blit8To8(XBuf + NOFFSET, dest, NWIDTH, s_tlines,
                     TmpScreen->pitch, 1, 1, 0, s_sponge);
        } else {
            Blit8To8(XBuf + NOFFSET, dest, NWIDTH, s_tlines,
                     TmpScreen->pitch, (int)s_exs, (int)s_eys,
                     s_eefx, s_sponge);
        }
    }

    // unlock the display, if necessary
    if(SDL_MUSTLOCK(TmpScreen)) {
        SDL_UnlockSurface(TmpScreen);
    }

    // if we have a hardware video buffer, do a fast video->video copy
    if(s_BlitBuf) {
        SDL_Rect srect;
        SDL_Rect drect;

        srect.x = 0;
        srect.y = 0;
        srect.w = NWIDTH;
        srect.h = s_tlines;

        drect.x = 0;
        drect.y = 0;
        drect.w = (Uint16)(s_exs * NWIDTH);
        drect.h = (Uint16)(s_eys * s_tlines);

        SDL_BlitSurface(s_BlitBuf, &srect, s_screen, &drect);
    }

    // ensure that the display is updated
    SDL_UpdateRect(s_screen, xo, yo,
                   (Uint32)(NWIDTH * s_exs), (Uint32)(s_tlines * s_eys));

#ifdef CREATE_AVI
#if 0 /* PAL INTO NTSC HACK */
 { int fps = FCEUI_GetDesiredFPS();
 if(FCEUI_GetDesiredFPS() == 838977920) fps = 1008307711;
 NESVideoLoggingVideo(s_screen->pixels, width,height, fps, s_curbpp);
 if(FCEUI_GetDesiredFPS() == 838977920)
 {
   static unsigned dup=0;
   if(++dup==5) { dup=0;
   NESVideoLoggingVideo(s_screen->pixels, width,height, fps, s_curbpp); }
 } }
#else
 { int fps = FCEUI_GetDesiredFPS();
   static unsigned char* result = NULL;
   static unsigned resultsize = 0;
   int width = NWIDTH, height = s_tlines;
   if(!result || resultsize != width*height*3*2)
   {
       if(result) free(result);
       result = (unsigned char*) malloc(resultsize = width*height*3*2);
   }
   switch(s_curbpp)
   {
   #if 0
     case 24: case 32: case 15: case 16:
       /* Convert to I420 if possible, because our I420 conversion is optimized
        * and it'll produce less network traffic, hence faster throughput than
        * anything else. And H.264 eats only I420, so it'd be converted sooner
        * or later anyway if we didn't do it. Win-win situation.
        */
       switch(s_curbpp)
       {
         case 32: Convert32To_I420Frame(s_screen->pixels, &result[0], width*height, width); break;
         case 24: Convert24To_I420Frame(s_screen->pixels, &result[0], width*height, width); break;
         case 15: Convert15To_I420Frame(s_screen->pixels, &result[0], width*height, width); break;
         case 16: Convert16To_I420Frame(s_screen->pixels, &result[0], width*height, width); break;
       }
       NESVideoLoggingVideo(&result[0], width,height, fps, 12);
       break;
   #endif
     default:
       NESVideoLoggingVideo(s_screen->pixels, width,height, fps, s_curbpp);
   }
 }
#endif

#if REALTIME_LOGGING
 {
   static struct timeval last_time;
   static int first_time=1;
   extern long soundrate;
   
   struct timeval cur_time;
   gettimeofday(&cur_time, NULL);
   
   double timediff =
       (cur_time.tv_sec *1e6 + cur_time.tv_usec
     - (last_time.tv_sec *1e6 + last_time.tv_usec)) / 1e6;
   
   int nframes = timediff * 60 - 1;
   if(first_time)
     first_time = 0;
   else while(nframes > 0)
   {
     static const unsigned char Buf[800*4] = {0};
     NESVideoLoggingVideo(screen->pixels, 256,tlines, FCEUI_GetDesiredFPS(), s_curbpp);
     NESVideoLoggingAudio(Buf, soundrate,16,1, soundrate/60.0);
     --nframes;
   }
   memcpy(&last_time, &cur_time, sizeof(last_time));
 }
#endif
#endif

    // have to flip the displayed buffer in the case of double buffering
    if(s_screen->flags & SDL_DOUBLEBUF) {
        SDL_Flip(s_screen);
    }
}

/**
 *  Converts an x-y coordinate in the window manager into an x-y
 *  coordinate on FCEU's screen.
 */
uint32
00691 PtoV(uint16 x,
     uint16 y)
{
    y = (uint16)((double)y / s_eys);
    x = (uint16)((double)x / s_exs);
    if(s_clipSides) {
        x += 8;
    }
    y += s_srendline;
    return (x | (y << 16));
}

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